It is a sexually transmitted disease, but can also be spread through contact with aborted fetuses. The most common sign is abortion during the last trimester or stillbirth. Signs and symptoms include fever, joint swelling and pain, lameness, and swelling of the lymph nodes. It has been diagnosed in dogs in all 48 states of the continental U. There are three fungal species that cause ringworm in dogs. Signs include hair loss and scaling of the skin.
Infection can spread to humans. There are several fungal diseases that are systemic in nature, meaning they are affecting multiple body systems. It is found mainly in the United States in the Mississippi River and Great Lakes areas. Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. Signs include weight loss, cough, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, draining skin lesions, eye inflammation with discharge, blindness, and lameness. Because dogs are ten times more likely to become infected from the environment than humans, they are considered to be sentinels for the disease.
Treatment requires a minimum 60-90 day course of oral antifungal medication or in severe cases intravenous antifungal injections. Signs include weight loss, cough, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Signs include weight loss, fever, cough, enlarged lymph nodes, and lameness. External parasites, such as fleas, mites, ticks and mosquitoes can cause skin irritation and are often carriers of other diseases or of internal parasites. The worm’s eggs then pass through the intestines and adhere to the nether regions of the dog, and the cycle begins again. Intestinal worms cause varying degrees of discomfort. Often they are available combined with other parasite preventives.
This is usually noticed among dogs, wild dogs, foxes, etc. Preventing hydatidosis is an easier task than treating the same. This leads to heart problems and sometimes sudden death. Skin diseases are very common in dogs. Physical elements of certain dog breeds also affect susceptibility of individuals to skin problems, such as wrinkled skin or excessive skin folds. For instance, skin-fold dermatitis is a skin infection more prevalent in breeds such as the bulldog, cocker spaniel, and English Springer spaniel.
Orthopedic diseases in dogs can be developmental, hereditary, traumatic, or degenerative. Because of the active nature of dogs, injuries happen frequently. Hereditary orthopedic diseases are mainly found in purebred dogs. Hip dysplasia is a defect in the shape of the hip joint which can, depending on the degree of hip luxation, be quite painful to the dog as it ages. Over time it often causes arthritis in the hips. It can cause lameness and pain in the hind legs.
Panosteitis occurs in large and giant breed dogs usually between the age of five and fourteen months and manifests as fever, pain, and shifting leg lameness. Certain breeds are more likely to develop particular tumors, larger ones especially. Due to the indiscriminate nature of a dog’s appetite, gastrointestinal upset is a frequent occurrence in dogs. The most common symptoms are anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea. Foreign body ingestion can lead to acute obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, a very dangerous condition. It can be fatal within a few hours. Dogs who have experienced bloat are very susceptible to recurrences.
Eye diseases are common in dogs. The frequency of bilateral glaucoma with a genetic base in purebred dogs is higher than in any species except humans. Vestibular disease may have many causes. The signs may improve rapidly or take a few days. The major risk with idiopathic peripheral vestibular disease is that the dog is often unable to eat, drink, or go outside to urinate or defecate. Degenerative valve disease is the most common form of heart disease in dogs. Chronic elevation of sympathetic tone damages the heart muscle. However, ACE inhibitors and pimobendan have different mechanisms of action, and many veterinary cardiologists recommend they be used concurrently. Affected dogs are at risk of syncope and sudden cardiac death. Myocardial failure and congestive heart failure are rare manifestations of this disease. One ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight is a potentially lethal dose in dogs. The exact mechanism is not known, nor is there any means to determine the susceptibility of an individual dog.